Educational Achievement Possibly Affected by Genes

Is a student’s educational achievement predetermined by his genes?

Genes and Academics

New research from the American Psychological Association suggests that yes, there are genes that can influence a student’s likelihood of graduating from high school and of pursuing higher education.

There is not a gene that directly codes for academic performance of course, but the three genes DAT1, DRD2, and DRD4 influence a person’s “attention regulation, cognitive skills and intelligence, motivation, as well as violent actions” – which indirectly influence academic performance.

Dopamine

The culprit behind all this, it seems, is the neurotransmitter dopamine.  The genes mentioned above are transport and receptor genes for dopamine, and levels of dopamine influence attention, intelligence, and impulsive behavior.

Is Success Predetermined?

Does having the favorable alleles of the above genes guarantee a student’s success?  Definitely not, say researchers.

“No one gene is going to say, ‘Sally will graduate from high school’ or ‘Johnny will earn a college degree,’” noted Beaver in the statement. “These genetic effects operate indirectly, through memory, violent tendencies and impulsivity, which are all known predictors of how well a kid will succeed in school. If we can keep moving forward and identify more genetic markers for educational achievement, we can begin to truly understand how genetics play a role in how we live and succeed in life.”

Check out the full story below.



Educational Achievement Possibly Affected by Genes (via redOrbit)

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online The debate regarding nurture versus nature is contentious. New research delves into discussion with a study on the impact of genes on school achievement. According to the American Psychological Association (APA), researchers have determined that…



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